Germany and Switzerland became important watch making centers, although France also began to make watches along with England. The Swiss watchmakers seemed to have a propensity for unusual shaped cases such as Isaac Pernard and apprentice to Jacques Sermand, both known for their skull watches in the 1600s.
By the early 20th century, old world watchmakers were making copies of skull watches for collectors. Even now, there are a few watch makers producing quality sterling skull watches such as the one to the right vs the plethora of cheap Chinese-made skull watches out of plated base material and quartz movements.
Those of you who enjoy Steampunk or a bit of Cthonian or Victorian dress up have enjoyed this two part trip into exotic time pieces and this sterling horologic cranium. I am sure all of us have wanted a goodie or two for Christmas like this. It's a no-brainer.